By Raffaella Zanuttini
Each human language has a few syntactic technique of distinguishing a adverse from a non-negative sentence; in different phrases, each speaker's syntactic competence offers a method to specific sentential negation. This skill, even though, might be expressed in numerous methods, as proven via the truth that person languages hire assorted syntactic suggestions for the expression of an identical semantic functionality of negating a sentence. Zanuttini's target this is to signify the diversity of such edition through evaluating different syntactic ability for expressing sentential negation exhibited by way of the individuals of 1 language family--the Romance languages--and by way of lowering the diversities we witness to a restricted set of selections to be had to the actual grammars of those languages. this type of research is a primary step in the direction of the final word aim of identifying and realizing what limits there are at the syntactic recommendations that common grammar imposes at the expression of sentential negation.
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Additional info for Negation and Clausal Structure: A Comparative Study of Romance Languages (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
Marierive. (26) a. E rive Marie. ' b. *Rive Marie. (27) a. Nisun al rive. ' b. *Nisunrive. (28) a. Nol rive nisun. ' b. *No rive nisun. , from the cities of Padua, Venice, and Treviso). They are obligatory when no overt subject is 28 NEGATION AND CLAUSAL STRUCTURE present; when an overt subject is present, they co-occur with it only if it can be leftdislocated but not if it is in an argumental position, as shown by their ungrammaticality with the post-verbal subject of unaccusative verbs or with elements that cannot be left-dislocated, such as 'nobody': (29) a.
Ashby 1981 and Lemieux 1985, among others). 2. NEGATION AND CLAUSAL STRUCTURE Pre-verbal negative markers and complement clitics Examination of the relative position of pre-verbal negative markers and complement clitics reveals the existence of two distinct patterns. Some pre-verbal negative markers precede all complement clitics. , French ne). Though the relative order of pronominal clitics may vary from language to language, they always follow these negative markers and never undergo reordering with them: (3) a.
Rive. (25) a. Marie e rive. ' b. *Marierive. (26) a. E rive Marie. ' b. *Rive Marie. (27) a. Nisun al rive. ' b. *Nisunrive. (28) a. Nol rive nisun. ' b. *No rive nisun. , from the cities of Padua, Venice, and Treviso). They are obligatory when no overt subject is 28 NEGATION AND CLAUSAL STRUCTURE present; when an overt subject is present, they co-occur with it only if it can be leftdislocated but not if it is in an argumental position, as shown by their ungrammaticality with the post-verbal subject of unaccusative verbs or with elements that cannot be left-dislocated, such as 'nobody': (29) a.