By Jess Olson
This booklet explores the lifestyles and regarded essentially the most very important yet least identified figures in early Zionism, Nathan Birnbaum. Now remembered typically for his coinage of the be aware "Zionism," Birnbaum was once a towering determine in early Jewish nationalism. due to his strange highbrow trajectory, even though, he has been written out of Jewish background. in the course of his existence, within the intensity of worldwide battle I, Birnbaum left his venerable place as a mundane Jewish nationalist for spiritual Orthodoxy, an extraordinary choice in his time. To the dismay of his former colleagues, he followed a lifetime of strict religiosity and was once embraced as a pace-setter within the younger, growing to be global of Orthodox political activism within the interwar interval, probably the most winning and strong activities in interwar imperative and japanese Europe. Jess Olson brings to gentle records from probably the most whole data of Jewish nationalism, the Nathan and Solomon Birnbaum relations data, together with fabrics formerly unknown within the examine of Zionism, Yiddish-based Jewish nationalism, and the historical past of Orthodoxy. This publication is a vital meditation at the complexities of Jewish political and highbrow existence within the so much tumultuous interval of eu Jewish heritage, specifically of the interaction of nationwide, political, and non secular id within the lifetime of considered one of its so much interesting figures.
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Additional resources for Nathan Birnbaum and Jewish Modernity: Architect of Zionism, Yiddishism, and Orthodoxy
In the early 1860s, there would have been many Jews in Vienna that looked and dressed as both men did. Just over a decade after the revolutions and civil war of 1848–49 and the loosening of restrictions on Jewish settlement in Vienna, many had left the small towns and villages of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to seek their fortunes in its increasingly cosmopolitan urban centers. It is doubtful they would have attracted much notice, particularly in the heavily Jewish 2nd District, Leopoldstadt. Here they were two among many immigrants and strivers whose numbers swelled the Jewish population of the city for the last half of the nineteenth century until the end of the empire itself.
I. Title. II. Series: Stanford studies in Jewish history and culture. 5/14 Galliard Nathan Birnbaum and Jewish Modernity Architect of Zionism, Yiddishism, and Orthodoxy Jess Olson STANFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS STANFORD, CALIFORNIA STANFORD STUDIES IN JEWISH HISTORY AND CULTURE EDITED BY Aron Rodrigue and Steven J. Zipperstein To my beloved wife, Kara, with deepest love and gratitude Contents List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Note on Transliteration Introduction 1. Discovering the Nation: Nathan Birnbaum and Early Viennese Jewish Nationalism, 1882–90 2.
I am also grateful to my many outstanding students at Yeshiva, in particular, Shimshon Ayzenberg and Jackie Rosensweig, who have read and commented upon chapters of this book with impressive probity. In addition, my talented student and research assistant Yehuda Bernstein provided me with exceptional assistance in combing through the Yizkor books of Galicia. Aside from the Birnbaum Family Archive, I have benefited from visits to the YIVO and Leo Baeck Archives at the Center for Jewish History, the Dorot Jewish Division of the New York Public Library, the Archives Department of the National Library of Israel, and the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People.