By Charles King
“Intrigue, violence, intercourse, and espionage, ready opposed to the sluggish dimming of Ottoman beauty. I enjoyed this book.”―Simon Winchester
At middle of the night, December 31, 1925, electorate of the newly proclaimed Turkish Republic celebrated the hot yr. For the 1st time ever, they'd agreed to take advantage of a nationally unified calendar and clock.
Yet in Istanbul―an old crossroads and Turkey's greatest city―people have been taking a look towards an doubtful destiny. by no means merely Turkish, Istanbul was once domestic to generations of Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, in addition to Muslims. It welcomed White Russian nobles ousted through the Russian Revolution, Bolshevik assassins at the path of the exiled Leon Trotsky, German professors, British diplomats, and American entrepreneurs―a multicultural panoply of performers and poets, do-gooders and ne’er-do-wells. in the course of the moment international warfare, hundreds of thousands of Jews fleeing occupied Europe chanced on passage via Istanbul, a few with the aid of the longer term Pope John XXIII. on the Pera Palace, Istanbul's most opulent lodge, such a lot of spies mingled within the foyer that the executive published an indication asking them to relinquish their seats to paying guests.
In beguiling prose and wealthy personality pictures, Charles King brings to lifestyles a awesome period while a storied urban stumbled into the fashionable international and reshaped the which means of cosmopolitanism.
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Extra info for Midnight at the Pera Palace: The Birth of Modern Istanbul
1, London: Ebtehaj, 1991. Makki, Tarikh-e Bistsaleh, vols. 5 and 6. 38 For the full text of the speech, see ‘Proceedings of the Majlis on Sunday 13 December, 1941’, in Kuhi Kermani, Az Shahrivar-e 1320 to Faje’eh-ye Azerbaijan, vol. 1. , pp. 222–29. 39 See Taqizadeh, Zendegi-ye Tufani, pp. 232–33. 40 See Khajeh Nuri, Bazigaran, pp. 188–91. 41 See his Sharh-e Zendegani-ye Man, vol. 3, Tehran: Zavvar, 1964. 42 See his Khaterat va Khatarat, p. 407. 43 For a documentation of the ofﬁcial persecution over the removal of the chadors, see Sazaman-e Madarek-e Farhangi-e Enqelab-e Eslami, Vaqaye‘-e Kashf-e Hejab, Tehran: Mo‘assese-ye Pazhuhesh-ha va Motle‘at-e Farhangi, 1992.
It is therefore clear that the Shah’s abdication was not inevitable, that is, he would not have had to abdicate had he enjoyed a certain amount of political legitimacy and a reasonable social base among his own people, especially as by then he had offered full cooperation to the Allies, who were physically present to ensure that he would keep his word. It was noted at the outset that, according to the general pattern of major change in Iranian history, the fall of an arbitrary state is followed by chaos.
The word itself eventually acquired so subversive a connotation that it was rarely used in the political vocabulary. 13 In Iran, the earliest reference to republicanism dates back to the early nineteenth century. ’16 For these munavvar al-fekrs, the main task was indeed how to impose the authority of the mellat through a constitutional government with a ‘parliamentary order’. 17 Amongst those Iranians who explicitly presented the diverse forms of government and endeavoured to give a detailed account of each of them was Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani, an enlightened essayist residing in Istanbul, where he published the renowned periodical Akhtar (The Star).