By A. Kamradt-Scott
Drawing on insights from foreign association and securitization conception, the writer investigates the area overall healthiness association and the way its method of international overall healthiness defense has replaced and tailored considering that its construction in 1948. He additionally examines the organization's customers for dealing with international healthiness safeguard now and into the longer term.
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Additional info for Managing Global Health Security: The World Health Organization and Disease Outbreak Control
The WHA, which is comprised solely of member states, thereby possesses the ﬁnal approval on what the organization’s secretariat undertakes on their behalf and what it does not. Likewise, in accordance with Article 24 of the WHO Constitution, the WHA has the power to appoint and remove those members of the EB who are charged with executing the policies of the organization, or more precisely of the WHA. By conﬁguring these features into the WHO’s institutional design in this way, member states have clearly hoped to retain ﬁrm control and oversight over the IO, deﬁning both its sphere of competence and preventing the organization’s bureaucracy from exercising unrestrained authority and autonomy.
This situation therefore begs the question: What is the envisaged authority and autonomy of the WHO? Or, said another way, in what capacity is the WHO expected to fulﬁl its disease eradication delegation contract while interacting with sovereign member states? In fact, in accordance with the very explicit vision enunciated by the WHO’s founders, delegates at the 1946 International Health Conference determined the organization was ‘to act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work’ (Article 2, WHO Constitution – WHO 2005a, p.
Speciﬁcally, Chapter Five investigates the WHO’s response to the emergence and progressive spread of the H5N1 avian inﬂuenza ‘bird ﬂu’ virus, the organization’s response to the 2009 H1N1 inﬂuenza ‘swine ﬂu’ pandemic, and the controversies that arose surrounding its management of this event. Chapter Six then explores the criticisms that have emerged of the WHO’s securitization of certain select health issues, and how the IO has reacted to these events and the much closer scrutiny of member states by now downplaying the healthas-security discourse.