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Extra resources for London Superfluids
Molecular Solid State Physics. Springer-Verlag, New York. R. A. Higgins, 1994. Properties of Engineering Materials. 2nd ed. Industrial Press, New York. R. E. Hummel, 2004. Understanding Materials Science. 2nd ed. Springer, New York. C. Kittel, 2005. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ. J. P. Mercier, G. Zambelli, and W. Kurz, 2003. Introduction to Materials Science. Elsevier, Oxford. R. J. Naumann, 2008. Introduction to the Physics and Chemistry of Materials.
For example, the more than 8000 dyes in use today derive their color from this mechanism. ” The main distinction between a dye and a pigment is the state of matter: dyes are used in liquid form, whereas pigments are used as solids. Atomic and Molecular Origins of Color 33 The color of organic materials can be changed substantially by the presence of electron-withdrawing and/or electron-donating side groups, as this changes the electronic energy levels. These are called auxochromes (“color enhancers”).
C. Kittel, 2005. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ. J. P. Mercier, G. Zambelli, and W. Kurz, 2003. Introduction to Materials Science. Elsevier, Oxford. R. J. Naumann, 2008. Introduction to the Physics and Chemistry of Materials. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. R. J. Newnham, 2005. Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure. Oxford University Press, New York. D. V. Ragone, 1995. Thermodynamics of Materials, Vols. I and II. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ.