By Jonathan Rigg
Laos - the Lao People's Democratic Republic - is among the least understood and studied international locations of Asia. Its improvement trajectory can also be probably the most attention-grabbing, because it strikes from country, or maybe extra safely subsistence, to industry. in response to broad unique learn, this e-book assesses how fiscal transition and marketisation are being translated into growth (or now not) on the neighborhood point, and on the ensuing impression on poverty, inequality and livelihoods. It concludes that the method of transition in reality contributes to the expansion of poverty for a few humans, and exhibits how humans be ready to cope in very destructive conditions.
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Extra info for Living with Transition in Laos Market Intergration in Southeast Asia (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Southeast Asia Series)
Reference to the Lao Loum, Lao Theung and Lao Soung may be rejected from an academic standpoint and even by some government officials, but this classification none the less shapes the perceptions, self-identities and actions of the people in the area. State discourses and the terminologies of administration and development have been so effective in some areas that ‘the spontaneous answer of the Mon-Khmer-speaking peoples [of the Xepon area] to the question of ethnicity is usually “Lao Theung”’ (2002:89).
2). 10 A combination of population growth, resource decline (whether land, forest or river) and growing needs has ensured that farm-based systems are increasingly failing to deliver the necessary livelihood returns. At the same time, though, the opportunities provided by the developments illustrated in the time lines means that it is not just a question of a squeezing of traditional livelihoods. This has been accompanied by an opening up of new possibilities. The important point (and this is explored at length in later chapters) is that as a result poverty is being produced and reproduced in new ways.
Living with Transition in Laos 22 For many commentators the economic successes of the years since the mid-1980s are intimately linked to the policies associated with the NEM. d. ) and Standing (2000). 1. progress unparalleled in its history’ (World Bank 1999a:iii). 1). In 2000, with the Asian crisis fresh in the memory, the Lao government could still report to donors at the annual round table gathering in Vientiane that ‘the government will [continue to] do its utmost to carry out further the economic reforms undertaken under the NEM’ (Lao PDR 2000a: 20).