By Derrick Wright
One of many decisive battles of worldwide battle II (1939-1945) within the Pacific, Iwo Jima used to be defined through Lieutenant-General Holland Smith, Commander Fleet Marine Forces Pacific, as "The so much savage and most expensive conflict within the heritage of the Marine Corps" - a significant fight that eclipsed all that had long gone prior to. positioned midway alongside the B-29 Superfortress path to the japanese mainland, the island used to be of significant strategic significance to the U.S. Air strength, but additionally to the japanese, 20,000 of whom have been deeply entrenched within the island. This ebook offers a definitive account of the conflict, from its origins to its hard-fought conclusion.
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Extra resources for Iwo Jima 1945: The Marines raise the flag on Mount Suribachi (Campaign, Volume 81)
McCarthy's men were under terrific fire all morning and were suffering heavy losses and in the afternoon he assigned an assault squad to clean out the pillboxes that had kept his advance to a standstill. One of the group was Pfc Pete Santoro who recalls: "I took it on myself to go to my left as the others moved right, and below me was the entrance to a tunnel. I saw two Japs with rifles crawling out on then hands and knees. I shot them both in the back I'm sorry to say as I don't know how to say turn around in Japanese.
Within Instead of the straightforward exit from the beaches that the Marines had been led to expect, they came upon terraces of black volcanic ash, some of them up to 15 feet high and there were long delays in getting troops, tanks, and artillery inland. (National Archives) minutes a second round landed near him and fragments tore into his other leg. For nearly an hour he wondered where the next shell would land. He was soon to find out as a shell burst almost on top of him, wounding him for the third time in the shoulder.
The going became increasingly difficult but the opposition was surprisingly light. At lOOOhrs they reached the rim of the crater and engaged a number of the enemy who attacked them with hand grenades. At 1020hrs the Stars and Stripes were raised on a length of pipe and Leatherneck photographer Lou Lowery recorded the moment. Throughout the southern half of the island the shout was "the flag is up" and troops cheered and vessels sounded their sirens. Around 1200hrs, a larger flag was raised to replace the smaller one and the event was photographed by Associated Press cameraman Joe Rosenthal, and this became the most famous picture of World War II.