By Jean Baumgarten
The sector of early Yiddish experiences has to date basically been available to expert students. This amazing research opens as much as a extra basic viewers the cultural richness of that extensive and deep corpus of literature that stretches from its beginnings within the heart a long time to the mid-eighteenth century. The literature spans a large spectrum of genres, from love lyric to kabbalistic treatises, and from travelogue to Renaissance experience epic. the varied international of Ashkenazic Jewry comes alive during this survey of its literature.
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Extra resources for Introduction to Old Yiddish Literature
From the sixteenth century onwards, this tradition continued with lexica and concordances. Noteworthy among Yiddish lexicographical treatises are Seyfer beeyr moushe (Prague, 1604–5) and Seyfer lekakh tov (Prague, 1604) by Moses ben Issachar Sertels,72 and Mirkeves ha-mishne (Cracow, 1534, 1552, 1584) of Rabbi Anshel, a concordance to the Tanakh. There were also bilingual thematic lexica, such as Khinukh koton by Israel ben Abraham (Cracow, 1640), and also some multilingual lexica, such as Shmous devorim (Isny, 1542) by Elia Levita, in Hebrew, Yiddish, Italian, and German; Diber tov (Cracow, 1590) by Mordekhai Samuel Jacob ben Jekuthiel, in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Italian73; and Sofo beruro (Prague, 1660) by Nathan Nata also Josef Perles, ‘Jüdisch-deutsche Glossen eines Schülers des R.
This diverse population comprised both strong communities of long standing, such as those of Germany or Italy, and smaller populations, consisting of small clusters of families living in isolated areas, the Jewish quarter, or the Jewish street of certain cities. The period between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries, during which Yiddish literature took on deﬁnite form, is marked by an instability among the Jewish populace and a sudden rise in anti-Jewish acts that often had horrendous results.
36 August Pfeiﬀer, Critica Sacra de Sacri Codicis Partitione, Editionibus variis, Lingvis Originalibus et illibatâ Puritate fontium (Dresden, 1680). At the end of the volume there is a section entitled ‘De lectione ebræo-germanico’. 37 In ‘Svccincta ratio legendi’, Fagius indicates that eu is represented by aleph + waw + jod + jod. 38 In ‘Svccincta ratio legendi’, Fagius indicates that ai is represented by aleph + jod. The Invention of a Language Johannes Meelführer39 lists them as follows: aleph + waw represents au.