Download In the Wake of War: The Reconstruction of German Cities by Jeffry M. Diefendorf PDF

By Jeffry M. Diefendorf

In 1945 Germany's towns lay in ruins, destroyed by way of Allied bombers `hat left significant architectural monuments badly broken and lots more and plenty of the housing inventory diminished to rubble. on the war's finish, observers suggestion that it's going to take 40 years to rebuild, yet by way of the past due Fifties West Germany's towns had risen anew. The housing predicament were conquer and almost all vital monuments reconstructed, and the towns had reclaimed their attribute identities. far and wide there has been a mix of outdated and new: ancient church buildings and city halls stood along new housing and department shops; historic road layouts have been crossed or encircled by way of vast arteries; previous urban facilities have been balanced by way of backyard suburbs laid out in line with glossy making plans rules. during this e-book, Diefendorf examines the questions raised through this striking feat of city reconstruction. He explains who was once essentially in charge, what accounted for the rate of rebuilding, and the way priorities have been set and judgements acted upon. He argues that during such the most important parts as architectural kind, city making plans, old maintenance, and housing coverage, the Germans drew upon body of workers, principles, associations, and useful stories from the Nazi and pre-Nazi sessions. Diefendorf indicates how the rebuilding of West Germany's towns after 1945 can basically be understood when it comes to long term continuities in city improvement.

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S. S. zone for a three-month period in 1945-46. In most categories, zonal production lagged well behind zonal needs. And even if somehow all of the production for this three-month period could have been shipped to Munich, the city would still have needed more cement, roofing tiles, lime, and plaster. However, this represents only a small part of the picture. In the first year of the occupation, a healthy proportion of all building materials was siphoned off by the military government for the construction of its own administrative buildings, housing for the occupation army, and facilities on the new military bases.

12 Stuttgart's electrical works were intact, but they lacked coal, and it was not until December 1945 that the city's steam power works were restarted. The city gas works began to function again the following month, although the lack of coal hampered both gas production and repairs to the damaged furnaces. "13 Nevertheless, the surviving investment in utilities, street surfaces, and urban transportation systems constituted enormous assets for the impoverished German cities, and the very existence of these assets exerted a great influence on the shape of reconstruction.

48 During the blockade, Berlin trucked its rubble to the airports at Tegel, Tempelhof, and Gatow to build new runways. 49 Varied and complicated programs emerged for salvaging building materials from the rubble. A national association of experts on rubble processing (Deutsche Studiengesellschaft fur Trummerverwertung) was founded to collect information and disseminate advice. Many cities had ambitious plans for rubble salvaging. 50 Ministerialrat B. Wedler, the leading proponent of rubble processing in 28 IN THE WAKE OF WAR Berlin, presented the following argument for a massive commitment to processing in that city.

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