Download History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness by Lucian Boia PDF

By Lucian Boia

Taken from the principle that there's a enormous distinction among genuine background and discourse background, Boia issues out that historical past is consistently reconstructed, tailored and infrequently mythified from the viewpoint of the current day, of current states of brain and ideologies. Boia heavily examines the method of old tradition and judgment of right and wrong in 19th and 20th century Romania, rather targeting the effect of the nationwide ideology on background. established upon his findings, the writer identifies a number of key legendary configurations and analyses the way within which Romanians have reconstituted their very own hugely ideologized background during the last centuries. In essence, the writer has tried to totally deconstruct the Romanian historiographic method and show the expanding acuteness of nationwide difficulties mostly, and particularly the exploitation of historical past to aid nationwide ideology.

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Extra resources for History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness

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In reality, “facts” are themselves constructed by the historian, detached from a much broader context and set within an explanatory schema elaborated by the same historian. o f . 28 HISTORY AND MYTH IN ROMANIAN CONSCIOUSNESS It must be understood that oyecthe bistory does not ex>t. Indeed, not only does it not exist; it cannot exist. This is the end of an illusion that has been sustained and amplified by the scientism of thelast two centuries. The “critical school”, convinced as it was of the historian’s ability to squeeze out of documents what Ranke called “history as it reallywas”, and Marxist theory, with its impeccable setting of all phenomena in a complete schema of human becoming, are the two extreme points attained by themyth of a perfect and objective history.

The first is the nationalidea. In recent decades, discussions of the concept of nation have been affected, often in contradictory ways, both byStalin’s famous definition (still repeatedtoday,albeit“anonymously”)and by theexacerbated nationalism of theCeaugescuperiod. The endresulthasbeen a thorough confusion of the concept. The Stalinist definition makes the economic unification of theterritoryanobligatoryfactor,and so confersanabusivelymaterial dimension on what is, in fact, an eminently ideal project.

These are school textbooks, aimed at pupils who are at risk of being disoriented by all sorts of “relativizations”. These pupils, however, are young people in their final yearof high school, preparing to enter into the wider world. It is not with prejudices, with ready-madeideas, and with an outdated way of looking at theworld that we should be equipping them, but with the capacity to think critically and to make choices. What are we doing? Playing a hypocritical game? Is there a history for adults, in which anyone is free to say anything, and another, not exactly true but << reassuring”, for the use of adolescents?

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