By Jan Valek, John J. Hughes, Caspar J. W. P. Groot
This quantity specializes in study and useful concerns hooked up with mortars on ancient buildings.
The publication is split into 4 sections: Characterisation of historical Mortars, fix Mortars and layout concerns, Experimental learn into houses of fix Mortars, and evaluate and checking out. The papers current the most recent paintings of researchers of their box. the person contributions have been chosen from the contributions to the second old Mortars convention, which came about in Prague, September, 22-24, 2010. All papers have been reviewed and greater as beneficial prior to ebook. This peer overview procedure via the editors led to the 34 person contributions integrated in right here. One additional paper reviewing and summarising cutting-edge wisdom lined through this book used to be additional as a beginning and navigational aspect for the reader.
The editors think that having those papers in print is critical they usually desire that it'll stimulate additional study into old mortars and similar topics.
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Extra info for Historic Mortars: Characterisation, Assessment and Repair
The third Egyptian mortar DG3 and the two Meroitic mortars GB2 and K1 appear composed of siliceous sand only bound by kaolinite, a clay mineral. The other Meroitic facing mortars from Dukki Gel (DG4 to DG6) and Gebel Barkal GB1 have a similar composition corresponding to a lime-based mortar, with a high content of quartz and calcite. GB1 contains also calcium sulphate as a minor phase. 2 Chemical Composition The results of XRF analysis of the mortars are reported in Table 2. Chemical elements are expressed in their oxide form.
The beginnings of pyrotechnology: Neolithic and Egyptian lime plaster. J. Field Archaeol. 2, 133–150 (1975) 5. : Building in Egypt. Oxford University Press, New York (1991) 6. : Which binder for the Egyptian plasters of the Pharaos’ monuments? In: Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Conservation of Stone, Berlin, pp. 1447–1456 (1996) 7. : Burnt lime products and social implications in the pre-pottery Neolithic B villages of the Near East. Paleorient 13, 69–76 (1987) 8. : Building materials and structures of the architecture in Cyprus, from the Neolithic period until the Late Bronze Age.
Diagenetic perspectives are useful in describing the evolution of cement precipitation in the seawater mortars, and the development of presumably incompatible crystalline cements as chemical responses to changing pH and seawater infiltration over the 2,000 year lifespans of the maritime structures [6, 11]. Microstructural perspectives are useful in describing discrete mortar components at several scales of analysis. D. Jackson et al. components for XRD, illustrates processes of pozzolanic reaction in relict lime and volcanic clasts, the development of diverse cement phases over time, and the subsequent alteration of these components in the seawater concrete system [6, 11–14].