By Abdulmotaleb El Saddik, Mauricio Orozco, Mohamad Eid, Jongeun Cha
The time period “haptics” refers back to the technological know-how of sensing and manipulation via contact. a number of disciplines equivalent to biomechanics, psychophysics, robotics, neuroscience, and software program engineering converge to aid haptics, and usually, haptic learn is completed by means of 3 groups: the robotics neighborhood, the human desktop interface group, and the digital fact community.
This ebook isn't like the other publication that has checked out haptics. The authors deal with haptics as a brand new medium instead of only a area inside of one of many above components. They describe human haptic notion and interfaces and current basics in haptic rendering and modeling in digital environments. various software program architectures for standalone and networked haptic structures are defined, and the authors reveal the enormous program spectrum of this rising know-how in addition to its accompanying tendencies. the first target is to supply a entire review and a pragmatic realizing of haptic applied sciences. An appreciation of the shut dating among the big variety of disciplines that represent a haptic method is a key precept in the direction of having the ability to construct profitable collaborative haptic environments.
Structured as a connection with enable for quick lodging of the problems involved, this publication is meant for researchers drawn to learning contact and strength suggestions to be used in technological multimedia structures in computing device technology, electric engineering, or different similar disciplines. With its novel technique, it paves the way in which for exploring examine tendencies and demanding situations in such fields as interpersonal verbal exchange, video games, or army applications.
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Additional info for Haptics Technologies: Bringing Touch to Multimedia
The da Vinci system has enabled the replication of a surgeon’s delicate and dexterous hand motions within the patient’s body through small surgical incisions. Although the effectiveness of haptic feedback in robot-assisted tele-operated surgery has not yet been fully investigated , it is still evident that surgeons can benefit from haptic feedback in robotic surgery . 26 2 Haptics: Haptics Applications The following examples show the progress that is being made in incorporating haptics into the realm of surgery: The authors in [38, 302] investigated the effect of visuohaptic feedback with modified da Vinci surgical instruments.
In this type of tele-presence system, an expert is able to safely perform the defined task from a central control room out of harm’s way. 5 Media The incorporation of haptics with audiovisual media dates back to 1959, when tactile stimulation was used to enhance the movie “The Tingler” by attaching vibrating devices to the theater seats. In the 1970s, a sound speaker system, named “Sensurround”, used subsonic rumbles in order to enable the audience to feel the theater shake . The vibrating devices were synchronized with sound effects to enhance the audio sensory experience.
In the last decade, significant research has been carried out with regards to building applications and systems dedicated for blind and visually impaired people. Among the early works in this domain, Jansson realized that exploring computer generated objects for blind people has specific challenges, especially when exploring a 3D object’s attributes depicted in a 2D space . His study distinguished the contribution of haptic interfaces, more specifically the PHAToM device, in exploring a virtual object’s physical attributes, such as roughness, by blindfolded users.