By Eunjeong Yi
The Istanbul guilds of the Ottoman Empire witnessed a interval of profound financial and political turbulence in the course of the 17th century. Drawing at the kadi court docket files of Istanbul, the writer explores problems with guild association, questions the so-called traditionalism of Ottoman guilds, and examines the facility of the guilds to barter with the country in periods of peace, struggle and insurrection. not just does this learn shed new mild at the query of what the Ottoman guilds have been and what they have been in a position to, however it additionally areas the guilds of Istanbul into the broader, dynamic context of latest historical past. This paintings is a worthy addition to someone drawn to Ottoman social and political historical past.
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Extra info for Guild Dynamics in Seventeenth-Century Istanbul: Fluidity and Leverage (Ottoman Empire and Its Heritage)
These are important sources because the Istanbul guilds had easy access to the sultanic authority when ﬁling petitions: the palace and its attendant bureaucracy were located nearby, and the ideology of sultanic justice was receptive to their claims. Kanunnàmes (Ottoman law codes) are used to understand the government position. What is not covered by documentary sources I have reconstructed from literary sources, such as chronicles and travelogues. Evliya Çelebi’s idiosyncratic and often exaggerated descriptions of the city, the guilds and the political situation are quite valuable for this purpose.
The dominant pattern of succession until that time—princes-cum-provincial governors ﬁghting among themselves until a winner triumphantly reached 51 For a discussion of the various aspects of the seventeenth-century crisis in Europe, see Trevor Aston, ed. J. Hobsbawm, “The Crisis of the Seventeenth Century,” which had started the whole debate in Nos. R. Trevor-Roper, “The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century,” 59–95. For a more globally oriented approach, see Geoﬀrey Parker and Lesley M. Smith, eds.
Gökyay, 204), but this does not preclude the existence of guilds there. 18 Mantran, Istanbul, 90–91. 19 See Mantran, “Centralisation administrative et ﬁnancière: problèmes du ravitaillement d’Istanbul aux xviie et xviiie siècle,” in Istanbul à la jonction des cultures Balkaniques, Mediterraneennes, Slaves, et Orientales, aux xvi e–xix e siècles (Bucharest, 1977) 61–62. Edhem Eldem et al. The Ottoman City between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir and Istanbul (London: Cambridge University Press, 1999) 162–63.