By Laura Anne German, Alain Karsenty, Anne Marie Tiani
Many international locations world wide are engaged in decentralization approaches, and such a lot African nations face severe issues of woodland governance, from merits sharing to illegality and sustainable woodland administration. This booklet summarizes studies up to now at the volume and nature of decentralization and its outcomes – so much of which recommend an underperformance of governance reforms – and explores the viability of alternative governance tools within the context of vulnerable governance and increasing advertisement pressures over forests.
Findings are grouped into thematic parts: decentralization, livelihoods and sustainable wooded area administration; and overseas alternate, finance and woodland region governance reforms. The authors research assorted forces shaping the woodland zone, together with the idea and perform of decentralization, usurpation of authority, corruption and illegality, inequitable styles of advantages trap and enlargement of overseas exchange in bushes and carbon credit, and speak about comparable results on livelihoods, woodland situation and fairness. The publication builds on past volumes exploring various dimensions of decentralization and views from different global areas, and distills dimensions of wooded area governance which are either particular to Africa and consultant of broader international styles. The authors floor their research in proper conception whereas drawing out implications in their findings for coverage and perform.
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Extra info for Governing Africa's Forests in a Globalized World (The Earthscan Forest Library)
Finally, decentralization in the forest sector seems to be intimately linked to such processes in other sectors. While evidence suggests this is also true for Africa, one can observe that effective devolution and decentralization in forestry and natural resource management may be a vehicle for improving local governance more broadly (see Chapter 2 in this volume; Wily and Dewees, 2001). As such, local actors are not only at the mercy of broader structural conditions, but may exhibit a large degree of agency in shaping how these broader forces play out locally.
Part I provides an overview of the key themes in this volume. Part II explores key themes associated with decentralization processes and outcomes, including a look at the extent to which democratic decentralization has been implemented, livelihood outcomes of decentralization reforms, and lessons learned in efforts to use decentralization as a means of achieving both rural livelihood and environmental objectives. Part III takes a look at some of the broader global drivers of trends in the sector, including major shifts in policies and industrial organization, the emergence of carbon as a global forest commodity, and some of the initiatives and challenges of harvesting valuable forest resources for meaningful local and national development in the context of expanding global trade.
According to Ribot (2002), a set of ‘minimum environmental standards’ is often required due to the livelihood orientation of local resource users. Thus, substantial powers may be devolved to local communities, provided this minimum set of standards is met. The government’s role then becomes one of monitoring the extent to which these conditions are met and ensuring compliance. Other authors suggest that of equal importance to tenure security are the institutional arrangements for putting rules into use (German, 2008).