By Sabrina Petra Ramet
Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures is a suite of specifically commissioned essays taking a go cultural and go ancient point of view at the topic. The booklet records the universality of gender reversals, with chapters starting from early Christianity as much as the current. It examines how gender reversals are sure up with taboo, and the way this underlies numerous spiritual and formality actions. Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures additionally exhibits how attitudes to gender-reversal can show a lot a couple of specific tradition. Anne Bolin, Elon university, Judith Ochshorn, collage of South Florida, Karen Torjesen, Claremont Graduate college, California, Julia Welch, Winfried Schleiner, Unive
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Extra resources for Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives
80–1, 85, and passim. 61 Sellers, The Correct Sadist, p. 98. 62 Chodorow, “Being and Doing,” p. 271. 63 Rothblatt, Apartheid of Sex, p. 16. , p. 19. , p. xiii. 66 MacKenzie, Transgender Nation, p. 114. , p. 172. 68 Kate Bornstein, Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women, and the Rest of Us, New York and London: Routledge, 1994, p. 24. ” See Judith Shapiro, “Transsexualism: Reflections on the Persistence of Gender and the Mutability of Sex,” in Epstein and Straub (eds), Body Guards, p. 253. Kando condemns transsexuals even more explicitly: “Unlike various liberated groups, transsexuals are reactionary, moving back toward the core-culture rather than away from it.
See Stanislaw Dulko, “Sexual Activity and Temperament in Polish Transsexuals”, in Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 17, No. 2 (1988). MacKenzie, Transgender Nation, p. 64. See also Newsweek (5 December 1988), p. 88; The Jerusalem Post (24 February 1989), on Nexis; Evening Standard (17 July 1992), p. 29; and The Guardian (10 November 1993), on Nexis. Male-tofemale sex reassignment surgery has been performed in Spain since at least 1960. See Daily Telegraph (London), 9 January 1992, p. 19. 20 INTRODUCTION 78 Süddeutsche Zeitung (Munich), 16 August 1994, 24 November 1994, and 11 February 1995—all on Nexis.
69 Lang70 argues that the Piegan manly-hearts inscribes the privileging of masculinity for both males and females, while women’s pursuits were valued in females only. 4 Woman-Marriage and Boy-Marriage Woman-marriage is a predominantly African institution where one woman marries another. There are a number of types of woman-marriage, but debates occur over the kinds of sexual practices associated with this form of marriage and/or whether a woman-husband is a transformed status. 72 Evans-Pritchard’s73 study notes that woman-marriage occurs among the Nuer in situations where a female is barren.