By E. G. Richards (auth.), E. G. Richards (eds.)
In analysing the advance and achievements of Polish forestry and woodland industries during the last 4 a long time, it is important to take into account the location winning after the top of the second one global warfare, whilst those sectors of the nationwide economic system have been beginning their actions. firstly, it can be crucial to think about the consequences of the conflict comparable to: (a) the harvesting from the forests of the current Polish territory of three approximately 2 hundred million m of merchantable wooden, that's equivalent to the conventional harvest over a l2-year interval; (b) the destruction of over part the woodworking commercial capability. as a result, the forested quarter contained in the new Polish obstacles amounted forty years in the past basically to 20.8 in step with cent of the complete quarter of the rustic. there was a continual means of expanding the forested zone of the rustic (although at a diminishing rate). In 1986 the wooded area region amounted to 27.7 consistent with cent of the land floor, that's to 8.7 million ha, a rise of over 2 million ha in forty years. extensive afforestation, played whatever the possession class of the land via the nation woodland provider, used to be aimed basically at making strong the losses within the forested sector and the rational use of land no longer healthy for agricultural purposes.
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Additional info for Forestry and the Forest Industries: Past and Future: Major developments in the forest and forest industry sector since 1947 in Europe, the USSR and North America
FAO (annual) Production Yearbook. FAO/ECE (1953) European Timber Trends and Prospects. FAO/ECE (1964) European Timber Trends and Prospects, 1950-1975. United Nations, New York. FAO/ECE (1969) European Timber Trends and Prospects, 1950-1980, An Interim Review. Timber Bulletin for Europe, Volume XXI, Suppl. 7. United Nations, New York. FAO/ECE (1976) European Timber Trends and Prospects, 1950 to 2000. Timber Bulletin for Europe, Volume XXIX, Suppl. 3. United Nations, New York. FAO/ECE (1985) The Forest Resources of the ECE Region (Europe, the USSR, North America).
This was mainly responsible for holding back growth in European removals in the 1970s. Expansion in the use of industrial residues was broadly in line with expectations, as was that of waste paper recycling, although for the latter, the lower volume of paper and paperboard consumption than foreseen meant that the volume recycled was also lower, even if the trend in recovery rate rose. As for trade, one development which had not been anticipated was the growth in Europe's exports to overseas customers, notably sawn softwood and paper and paperboard to the oil-rich countries of North Africa and Western Asia.
This has whetted people's interest in the uses made of these areas, which has gradually meant increasing understanding of forestry questions and matters concerning the forests. Another important factor has been the interest in nature conservation and greater knowledge of the environment. All this has had administrative consequences. In 1972 the Ministry of the Environment was established, and among other things the administration of game was transferred from the Ministry of Agriculture to the Ministry of the Environment.