By Alok Bhargava
Drawing at the author's large and sundry learn, this publication offers readers with an organization grounding within the techniques and concerns throughout numerous disciplines together with economics, food, psychology and public healthiness within the wish of bettering the layout of nutrition guidelines within the built and constructing global. utilizing longitudinal (panel) info from India, Bangladesh, Kenya, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Pakistan and increasing the analytical framework utilized in economics and biomedical sciences to incorporate multi-disciplinary analyses, Alok Bhargava exhibits how rigorous and considerate econometric and statistical research can enhance our figuring out of the relationships among a few socioeconomic, dietary, and behavioural variables on a couple of matters like cognitive improvement in childrens and labour productiveness within the constructing global. those detailed insights mixed with a multi-disciplinary strategy forge the way in which for a extra sophisticated and potent method of foodstuff coverage formation going ahead. A bankruptcy at the becoming weight problems epidemic is usually incorporated, highlighting the hot set of difficulties dealing with not just constructed yet constructing nations. The publication additionally features a word list of technical phrases to aid readers coming from numerous disciplines.
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Additional info for Food, Economics, and Health
The income elasticities of energy and nutrients were estimated using econometric models for cross-sectional data; effects of food prices were investigated in applications where the data were nationally representative. Moreover, it is important to control household size in the models though it is generally infeasible to control for members’ energy requirements, since they depend on individuals’ height, weight and daily activities. The empirical models for energy intakes provide a useful starting point for examining the relationships between household incomes and energy intakes; empirical evidence is important in the formulation of food policies.
While high estimates of income elasticities of micronutrients are desirable because economic development will improve nutrient intakes, low elasticities indicate the need for interventions in the form of food subsidies to households to ensure adequate intakes. This is especially important for vitamin A and C intakes, which are strongly inﬂuenced by seasonal variations in fruit and vegetable prices, and for iron, whose absorption depends on nutrients such as vitamins A and C present in the meal.
For example, the z-score for a child’s height can be written as: zi ¼ (hi À hR )=sR (i ¼ 1, . . , N) (3:1) where hi is the height of the i’th child, hR is the height in the reference population given age, and sR is the standard deviation of height in the 41 Food, Economics and Health reference population for the child’s age. More complex formulae are often used for constructing z-scores for body mass index (BMI), taking into account the characteristics of the distribution such as higher-order moments (Center for Disease Control, 2005).