By Rhoads Murphey
Is it attainable to spot the 'essence' of Ottoman kingship? And if that is so, what have been the middle motivating ideas that ruled the dynasty over its six hundred 12 months lifespan and the way non-stop and constant have been they? Following the loss of life of the dynasty's eponymous founder Osman in 1324, 35 successors held the throne. regardless of the big variety of personality features, inclinations and private personal tastes, they led the growth, stagnation and eventual cave in of the empire. Rhoades Murphey deals another approach of figuring out the soul of the empire as mirrored in its key ruling establishment: the sultanate. for far of the interval of centralized Ottoman rule among ca. 1450 and 1850 all the dynasty's successive rulers built and used the country bureaucratic gear to accomplish their ruling priorities, dependent round the palace and courtroom tradition and rituals of sovereignty in addition to the sultan's position because the head of the primary country administrative apparatus.
Sovereignty was once hooked up to the individual of the sultan who moved (with his court docket) either frequently and for lengthy remains clear of his crucial place of abode. within the interval among 1360 and 1453 there have been twin capitals at Bursa and Edirne (Adrianople) or even after 1453 a number of Ottoman sultans confirmed a choice for Edirne over Istanbul. Even Sultan Suleyman the impressive - held by way of the Ottomans, western contemporaries and sleek analysts alike to be the head and paragon of Ottoman kingship - spent way more time clear of his place of abode on the Topkapi Palace than in it. This ebook explores the becoming complexity of the empire because it absorbed cultural affects and imperial legacies from a large range of assets each one in flip engendering another interpretation of current notions of kingship and definitions of the position and serve as of the ruler.
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Additional info for Exploring Ottoman Sovereignty: Tradition, Image and Practice in the Ottoman Imperial Household, 1400-1800
Ottoman banqueting practices and attitudes towards food sharing can be traced to examples that date back to the earliest recorded history of the eastern Asian steppe empire of the Heavenly Turks (Gök Türks) in the mid-eighth century. 26 The sharing of food in agrarian societies usually takes the form of harvest festivals that represent a celebration of plenty. Conversely, in the steppe tradition what emerges most clearly is the theme of dearth and want, and emphasis is placed on the preventive measures taken by the ruler to prevent suffering among his people.
Second Text, PS 1069: Yusuf Khass Hajib’s views regarding the connection between sovereignty and traditions of hospitality, together with excerpts from ch. 38 on the legitimate expectations of servants regarding their treatment by their masters:29 (a) p. ’ (b) p. ’ (c) p. 138: ‘If the prince is generous in payment and kind in word, the servant will ransom himself for his sake and love him truly, enduring hardship for his sake. ”’ Third Text, PS 1090: Two excerpts from Chapter 35 of the Siyasat-nama30 (a) p.
Seventh Text, PS 1490: Osman I’s advice (vasiyyet) to his son Orhan after the fall of Bursa in 132635 The text stresses the crucial importance of the strategic distribution of favours/ rewards (ihsan) to the ruler’s close associates (nökers) and obedient followers (muti olanlar) to retain the loyalty and support of both. Although no explicit mention is made in this passage of food, feasting or material sustenance, the references to ‘rewards’ (whether in cash or kind) and to the sultan’s acting with ‘kindness’ (ihsan edici olmak) constitute a kind of coded language which amounts to much the same thing.