By Daniel A. Sumner, Frank H. Buck
Textual content displays a wide interdisciplinary venture from the Univ. of California Agricultural matters middle. offers case reviews representing a variety of pest and sickness threats to U.S. agriculture, wildlands, and concrete panorama. every one bankruptcy combines organic foundations with implications for the general public solid.
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Extra info for Exotic Pests and Diseases: Biology and Economics for Biosecurity
With the consent of Congress, however, states may enter into agreement or compact with another state or foreign power. Congressional approval has not been necessary for California’s contracts with foreign universities for basic and applied research or with the government of Mexico to supply sterile Mexican fruit flies. Similarly, following the Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate on trade, tourism, public safety and health, and environmental and coastal quality concerns that was signed by the governors of California and the 28 Part I / Issues, Principles, Institutions, and History adjacent Mexican state of Baja California in December 2001, the respective secretaries of agriculture signed an agreement to cooperate on pest detection and eradication, and to share information on plant and animal disease.
WTO SPS Principles A whole new set of international trade requirements and terminology—regionalization, equivalence, harmonization, transparency— came into being on January 1, 1995, when the WTO replaced the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Recognizing the potential that countries may increase use of sanitary or phytosanitary measures as a new form of trade protectionism, the Uruguay Round Agreements included the SPS Agreement. As a result of the SPS and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), plant quarantine authorities must be able to demonstrate the threat of a particular disease or pest that makes necessary a particular SPS requirement, for example outright prohibition, post- 3 / Regulatory Framework and Institutional Players harvest treatments, or growing season requirements.
Chapter 67 deals with aquatic nuisance prevention control. NISA reauthorized and made changes to the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990 (NANPOA). Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974. 7 USC §§2801-2814. Amended 1990, 1994, 1997. L. 106-224, Title IV of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act, June 20, 2000. Section 2814 provides for nonindigenous species control plans on federal lands. Lacey Act. 1900. 18 USC §§42 to 44. Substantially amended in 1981 (16 USC 33713378), 1984, 1988, and 1994.