By Didem Buhari Gulmez
This booklet places ahead an unique method of Europeanization in an international context. Following the realm polity technique, the writer establishes the lacking hyperlink among international, ecu and household nation-states and divulges the multiplicity of dynamics and logics using the reform procedure in eu Union candidate international locations. quite a number different themes are investigated, together with even if Europeanization is just pushed by means of parochial strategic pursuits or by means of broader normative matters and the way we will be able to make experience of the selectivity in family compliance with the european with no succumbing to binary thinking.
Focusing at the serious case of Turkey, the e-book places ahead 3 sorts of Europeanization: strategic, normative and ritualized, which underlie the advanced dynamics that force the reform techniques in european candidate nations. it is going to be of curiosity to students and scholars with an curiosity in Sociology, Political technology, diplomacy, Globalization, Europeanization, eu reports and Turkish Studies.
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Extra info for Europeanization in a Global Context : Integrating Turkey into the World Polity
45 promoted through conditionality; and world polity models do not necessarily serve the parochial interests of national states from which they might have originated. World polity enacts cultural scripts that are universalistic—not universal—in character (Lechner and Boli 2005). Originally, world cultural elements can be understood as secularized versions of Western cultural elements (particularly those of the Reformation and Enlightenment eras), but they transcend them (Boyle 2002). For instance, environmentalism and human rights originated from the values of American society but the USA government has been reluctant to endorse their global institutionalization (Meyer 2007: 802).
First, unlike neofunctionalist and inter-governmentalist approaches that tend to limit their focus to European integration, neo-institutionalist approaches bring into the analysis an interaction between domestic and institutional spheres, and thus take into consideration the mediating effects of domestic insti- 2 From Europe to Europeanization: A Bridge Too Far? 21 tutions within the context of European integration (Pollack 2004). By doing so, they uncover a number of intervening variables and processes that go unnoticed in the conventional accounts that focus solely on the ‘start’ and ‘finish’ of a phenomenon (George and Bennett 2005: 7).
2010: 473). ). Johansson-Nogués and Jonasson (2011: 114) criticize the prevailing studies for embracing top-down accounts that exaggerate the EU’s role in Turkey’s reform process to the point of treating Turkey ‘as a secondary actor in its own reform undertakings’. As a remedy, they suggest taking domestic factors more seriously. From their bottom-up perspective, ‘the actual reform process … is largely endogenous and responds to the interplay of internal contradictions and actors inside Turkey’ (Johansson-Nogués and Jonasson 2011: 127).