By Heinz Schmidtke (auth.), Heinz Schmidtke (eds.)
For decades ergonomists and human engineering experts have made major contributions to the answer of difficulties confronted within the region of human labour and to the creation in their learn effects and box adventure into the method of kit layout. in spite of the fact that, the swift raise in complexity of kit in use in addition to in improvement demonstrates the need of develop ing the perspective constantly. The workshop held in Munich from March twenty second to March twenty sixth, 1982, was once an exceptional chance for the members to debate their respective pursuits and their interpretation of wishes for destiny learn. The workshop was once backed by means of the Human components distinct Programme Panel of the medical Affairs department of NATO. This sponsorship, including the priceless information rendered through Drs. Bayraktar, Kroemer, and Sanders, is gratefully said. This quantity includes the papers awarded through the workshop. these types of papers are at once concerning the overall target: the ex swap of expertise accumulated within the box of ergonomic info for gear layout at the one hand and the definition of unexplored components at the different. it's was hoping that this presentation can assist to outline destiny examine equipment within the sector of ergonomic facts and set into movement fruitful discussions at the validity of the information in use today.
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1971, "Nutzwertanalyse in der Systemtechnik," Wittmannsche Buchhandlung, MUnchen. TASK ANALYSIS IN SYSTEM ERGONOMICS Heiner Bubb Institut fur Ergonomie der Technischen Universitat Mlinchen/FRG In the preceding paper it has been more generally shown, how system ergonomics is especially concerned with the development of ergonomic analysis and design methods and their application to the solution of man-machine-system problems which arise during system design. The steps have been pointed out, through which a system ergonomic application has to run (development phase, realisation phase and finally operation phase) and it has been demonstrated that various disciplines have to contribute to system ergonomics.
Starting with this data, interface components such as displays and controls are selected or designed~ dimensions of consoles are determined after consideration of numbers and sizes of displays, controls, and other console components and anthropometric data of the personnel projected~ displays and controls are grouped and arranged on the console according to operator visual and reach areas, task sequences and frequencies, and other human engineering layout principles. When applicable, multiple consoles, other equipment and personnel are arranged within workareas or facilities on the basis of mission dependent links between them, maintenance concepts, necessary equipment items with their dimensions, functions, and support requirements.
As in this case the amplitude of the movement plays an important role, the lower cutofffrequency depends on the magnitude of the visual angle under which the movement is observed. Fig. 9 demonstrates this correlation. The 41 TASK ANALYSIS IN SYSTEM ERGONOMICS Fig. 8. > C E 0 E '0 ... = "0 Q. E 0 1iBBB 100' 90' 80' 4000 40· 45' 2000 20' 1000 800 10' 8' 400 4' 2' l' Dynamic task I'I" II 1 I' I' 19B ~ Ii I Ii ~ I' 40 20 I! I! I! uvroble cutoff - frequency Fig. 9. Lower and upper cutoff-frequency of man lower cutoff-frequency corresponds to the frequency of task and result.