By Joshua Fogel
Czernowitz at a hundred represents a suite that assesses the achievements and destiny of these who participated within the 1908 Yiddish Language convention that was once held in Czernowitz, referred to now as Chernivtsi in Ukraine. that includes contributions from a brand new iteration of students re-examining japanese ecu Jewish lifestyles, each one contributor examines the successes and screw ups of the Yiddishist circulation.
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Extra info for Czernowitz at 100: The First Yiddish Language Conference in Historical Perspective
Birnbaum, in a pose of maturity and equanimity, took up the cause of the beleaguered Odessa Zionist against Herzl and Nordau, insisting on the centrality of Ahad Ha’am’s ideas of Jewish culture, history, and language in the future of Jewish nationalism, while still critiquing some of his conceptions of exile and Zionism. 20 Clearly, Birnbaum considered himself a voice that mattered in Jewish nationalist debate, if not still one of its central figures. His prolific contributions to Jewish nationalist political and cultural journalism and his popularity on the Central European lecture circuit suggest that his belief was not misplaced.
16. Ibid. 17. Ibid. 18. Fascinatingly, most, if not all of these ideas found their way into a widespread expression over the development of Jewish nationalism in Europe. The idea of Jewish participation on a wide scale in local nationalities politics began—with Birnbaum’s participation—within a decade of the publication of “Jüdisches Volkspartei” and continued on to its greatest expression in interwar Poland with Henryk Grynberg’s General Zionist coalition; the union of nationalism with religion, a position that would be embodied by the Mizrahi movement of R.
6 (Kislev 5663/December 1902) and Ost und West 3:4 (April 1903). 20. For Birnbaum’s essays on the affair and Ahad Ha’am included, see “Open Letter to Ahad Ha’am,” Die Zeit (1902), “Achad ha’am: Ein Denker und Kämpfer der jüdischen Renaissance” (Berlin, 1903), “Die jüdische Bewegung,” Der Weg (August 20, 1903). 21. Ironically, one of the four candidates with whom Birnbaum caucused as a Jewish Nationalist was Benno Straucher, a Zionist who ran as the representative from Czernowitz. Straucher had been for some time a major figure in Czernowitz and Bukovinian politics; along with his election to the Reichsrat, Straucher was also the president of the Czernowitz Jewish community and the individual perhaps most responsible for the fundraising, planning, and completion of the beautiful art nouveau Jewish National House at 5 Teatral’na ploshcha (currently the Chernivtsi Palace of Culture), which, at one time, featured his bust prominently in the main entrance.