By Nicole Constable
Illuminating how foreign marriages are negotiated, prepared, and skilled, Cross-Border Marriages is the 1st booklet to chart marital migrations concerning men and women of various nationwide, ethnic, and sophistication backgrounds. The migrations studied right here pass geographical borders of provinces, rural-urban borders inside of geographical regions, and foreign barriers, together with these of China, Japan, South Korea, India, Vietnam, the Philippines, the us, and Canada. assumptions in regards to the connection among overseas marriages and poverty, opportunism, and women's mobility, the ebook attracts consciousness to principles approximately worldwide styles of inequality which are inspiration to strain terrible ladies to to migrate to richer nations, whereas concurrently suggesting the constraints of such views.
Breaking from stories that regard the overseas bride as a sufferer of condition and the mechanisms of overseas marriage as site visitors in commodified girls, those essays problem any easy inspiration of worldwide hypergamy and current a nuanced realizing the place various components, now not the least of that is wish, come into play. certainly, so much modern marriage-scapes contain girls who relocate so that it will marry; hardly is it the lads. yet Nicole Constable and the quantity members exhibit that, opposite to well known trust, those brides are usually not inevitably bad, nor do they categorically marry males who're above them at the socioeconomic ladder.
Although frequently ladies might seem to be relocating "up" from a much less built nation to a extra built one, they don't unavoidably circulation better at the chain of financial assets. Complicating those and different assumptions approximately foreign marriages, the essays during this quantity draw from interviews and wealthy ethnographic fabrics to check women's and men's organization, their motivations for marriage, and the significance of familial pressures and duties, cultural imaginings, fantasies, and wishes, as well as own and fiscal factors.
Border-crossing marriages are major for what they exhibit concerning the intersection of neighborhood and international methods within the daily lives of ladies and males whose marital possibilities variably yield either wealthy percentages and sour disappointments.
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Extra resources for Cross-Border Marriages: Gender and Mobility in Transnational Asia
The "great masses of women" are encouraged to "consciously resist the ugly habit of buying and selling marriage, to build tip their own pride, confidence, independence, and self-strenglheriing spirit, to rely on their own efforts to change the situation in their localities, and to eliminate poverty and achieve affluence" (Feng 1990:3). At the same time, these reports imply that kidnapping occurs as a result of misguided female agency. Women who independently seek employment or marriage in more prosperous areas make themselves vulnerable to kidnappers.
The low status of these relationships for the residents of Moonshadow Pond is partially based on the less than savory motivations that villagers attribute to the partners. But unlike traditional marriage exchanges, these cross-border relationships are not embedded in a larger context of alliance and exchange. In the relationships between returning overseas men and mainland women, there are no gains or new relationships for natal kin. In other words, there are no in-laws created. The absence of alliance and the creation of new affinal connections make these relationships different from many of the other marriage exchanges between Mei Xian, Calcutta, and Toronto Ilakka described earlier in this chapter.
Particularly for parents who had their own marriages arranged and who came of age when prevailing views were that daughters do not have the right to contract, their own marriages, elopement is analogous to the usurpation of parental rights or the theft of property. Population Containment and the Problematization of Female Migration State discourse on kidnapping and marriage law cannot be fully understood apart from the state's policies for economic development and population control. The overarching logic that informs economic development is that certain areas (special economic zones and coastal regions) will prosper first, after which other areas will follow their model.