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The results should be well organised and comprehensive in order that they may be properly utilised in the evaluation phase. Formulation of alternative solutions Different solutions will be available which may lead to the same objectives. These alternatives need to be fully explored in terms of the client’s evolving needs. Evaluation of alternatives The criteria selected for comparison should enable the optimum solution to be selected. The correct balance between initial costs and the necessity to reduce future costs should consider all criteria.

They also provided an overall cost within which architects would then complete the working design drawings for the project. They were methods that allowed for a simple and quick quantification of the building but methods that required significant expertise and judgement in their pricing. These forecasts frequently resulted in the preparation of addendum bills of quantities. pm5 31 6/4/04, 3:39 PM 32 Cost Studies of Buildings The reasons for the discrepancies between approximate estimates and tender sums were and are not difficult to find.

7 CONTRACTUAL ARRANGEMENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON COSTS The needs of the client in connection with a proposed construction project are unique. A majority of projects are of a bespoke design even where ideas may be copied from other projects or standard components are used. Even in the case of an ‘off-the-shelf ’ project the site characteristics and most likely the weather conditions under which the project is constructed will be unique to the project. This means that achieving the right price for the project within the right timescale is a challenge.

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