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By OECD Territorial Reviews

Mega towns like Tokyo with greater than 35 million humans and Mexico with approximately 18.5 million, and massive agglomerations akin to Montreal, Helsinki, Madrid and Stockholm are usually known as engines of nationwide progress. aggressive towns within the international economic climate relies on a special overseas database of seventy eight metro-regions. It offers signs with regards to huge towns' performances inside their nations and the criteria contributing to their development. ''The such a lot finished exam of the territorial size underlying financial development today,'' this record additionally addresses key dilemmas, together with matters akin to competitiveness and social unity, intergovernmental relationships and concrete finance.

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However, as the literature on polycentric urban regions is still limited and therefore rather unconsolidated (Bailey and Turok, 2001), a diversity of concepts are applied, which are largely synonymous with the polycentric urban region concept. Recent examples include “multicore city-regions” (Westin and Osthol, 1994), “network cities” (Batten, 1995), “city networks” (Camagni and Salone, 1993) and “polynucleated metropolitan regions” (Dieleman and Faludi, 1998). Moreover, in terms of ideas on spatial structure and inter-urban relationships, the polycentric urban region concept builds on older concepts such as the “dispersed city” (Burton, 1963), “megalopolis” (Gottmann, 1961) or the idea of the “regional city” (Stein 1964 in Evert Meijers, 2005).

1. 1. 1. 1. ) Rank Metropolitan region Country Population (millions) GDP pc in PPPs Share of nat. 6 Note: This ranking by GDP per capita should be interpreted carefully. 2, due to data availability, there are a number of cities that have been included in the sample of 78 metro-regions that were over or under-estimated. 1. 4. htm. are taken into account. The level of urbanisation however varies among countries. In the Netherlands (85 %), Belgium (83%), the United Kingdom (69%), the United States (67%), Germany (62%), Japan (59%), Australia (55%), Korea (53%), Canada (53%), Italy (52%) and Portugal (51%), urban regions account for most of the national population.

In addition, the city also leads the nation in industrial upgrading and science and technology innovation. The metroregion has expanded its economic development beyond its city boundaries to the two neighbouring provinces – Jiangsu Province and Zhejiang Province. Similar arguments apply to Beijing. As an indicator of Beijing urban expansion, the Greater Beijing Plan includes Beijing, the northern part of Hebei Province and Tianji covering an area of nearly 70 000 square kilometres, as well as many large and medium cities in north China.

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