Download CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2: New Vistas in Nanoelectronics by Bernd Höfflinger PDF

By Bernd Höfflinger

The free up of this moment quantity of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the fiftieth anniversary of Moore’s legislation, a severe 12 months marked by way of the tip of the nanometer roadmap and by way of a considerably diminished annual upward thrust in chip functionality. while, we're witnessing a knowledge explosion within the net, that's eating forty% extra electricity each year, resulting in fears of an incredible blackout of the web via 2020.

The messages of the 1st CHIPS 2020, released in 2012, involved the belief of quantum steps for making improvements to the power potency of all chip features. With this moment quantity, we overview those messages and enlarge upon the main promising instructions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, mind- and human-vision-inspired processing, and effort harvesting for chip autonomy. The crew of authors, enlarged by means of extra international leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, provides new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising Moore-like exponential progress sustainable via to the 2030s.

Show description

Read Online or Download CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2: New Vistas in Nanoelectronics PDF

Similar solid-state physics books

Introductory Solid State Physics (Second Edition)

Assuming an common wisdom of quantum and statistical physics, this e-book offers a complete consultant to crucial actual homes of condensed topic, in addition to the underlying idea important for a formal figuring out in their origins. the subject material covers the primary positive factors of condensed topic physics, yet with specific accessory at the homes of steel alloys.

Theory of High Temperature Superconductivity: A Conventional Approach

Drawing from the wide spectrum of phenomena, defined in additional than 100,000 articles on high-Tc superconductivity, during this ebook, the authors study these simple homes for which knowing may be accomplished in the framework of conventional equipment of theoretical physics. this can be the case of the overdoped cuprates for which the "Bardeen application" has been learned: we all know their digital spectrum, we will calculate their simple thermodynamic and electrodynamic homes, and expect new phenomena.

Nanotubes and Nanosheets: Functionalization and Applications of Boron Nitride and Other Nanomaterials

Nanotubes and nanosheets are low-dimensional nanomaterials with particular houses that may be exploited for various functions. This booklet bargains an entire evaluation in their constitution, homes, improvement, modeling ways, and sensible use. It focuses awareness on boron nitride (BN) nanotubes, that have had significant curiosity given their exact high-temperature houses, in addition to graphene nanosheets, BN nanosheets, and steel oxide nanosheets.

Additional resources for CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2: New Vistas in Nanoelectronics

Example text

This is due to the CPU-memory bottleneck [14]. This suggests that the combination of the low-voltage CPU and a dedicated-processing element such as CMA or off-loader enables much better performance/power solutions. 3 Low-Power Non-volatile Memories and Switches In present-day electronics and IT equipment, many types of memories are used in each hierarchy. Program-execution is done in the processors with embedded memories, using data from an off-chip DRAM main memory or working buffer. Embedded memories include SRAM/DRAM L1 to L3 cache memories, ROMs or non-volatile PROM for firmware.

Writing “1’s” and “0’s” is done by the current-flow through the tunnel-insulator and by changing the spin-direction of the free layer. Since enough current-density is required to change the spin direction, a small MTJ is advantageous to realize a low-power MRAM. If the free layer and the pinned layer have the same spin-direction, that state corresponds to the low-resistivity state. On the contrary, if the spin-directions are opposite, the current through the MTJ becomes lower, and that corresponds to the high-resistivity state.

3. Chip Stacks have become rapidly the largest, fast-growing development area besides the continuing development effort on the nanometer roadmap. The stacking of memory chips has advanced faster than our earlier predictions, as well as stacking heterogeneous chips, like processors and memories or MEMS and processors. Single-Electron IC’s with an electron Coulomb-confined in a transistor channel were the research hit at the turn of the millennium. Low operating temperatures and high switching voltages (*10 V) have put this approach off the list.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.06 of 5 – based on 27 votes