By Charles A. Frazee
This publication surveys the relatives among Catholics inside and outside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the autumn of Constantinople the single huge Latin Catholic team to be included into the sultan's area have been the Genoese who lived in Galata, around the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the following few a long time Turkish armies driven into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic inhabitants of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. within the Orient, the 16th century observed the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and lots of the Greek islands, which as soon as held Latin Catholic groups, come less than Turkish rule. Papal reaction to the lack of those groups was once before everything a decision to the campaign, yet reaction from West ecu monarchs was once disappointing. Their matters have been toward domestic. French curiosity, in spite of the fact that, lay in an alliance with the Turks opposed to the Habsburgs. As an advantage, the Catholics of the Ottoman international bought a protector on the Porte within the individual of the French ambassador. The e-book strains the next heritage of the Latin Catholics and every of the jap Catholic church buildings within the Ottoman Empire till its dissolution in 1923.
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Extra info for Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923
1 The Nakhichevan Catholics had originated in the fourteenth century when a Dominican bishop, Bartolomeo of Podio, arrived in Maragheh during the time of Mongol rule. Bartolomeo lived in an Armenian monastery, where his Western education and austere way of life attracted a number of disciples. One of these invited him to his monastery of Qrna in Nakhichevan. The Armenian monks subsequently converted to Catholicism, thus forming a centre for missionary activity throughout Nakhichevan and Azerbaijan.
Once there he presented the document to Zabel Pasa, the Turkish governor, who turned over the fortress and town according to the orders in the rescript. Kastriote then proceeded to Kruije's cathedral, where he renounced Islam and made a profession of Catholicism. Henceforth, as Skanderbeg, he became the leader of Albanian resistance to the Turks. On 1 March 1444 the other lords of Albania, the Prince of Montenegro, Stefan Czernowic, and delegates from Venice responded to a call from Skanderbeg to meet at Lezhe.
Dubrovnik was completely Catholic. No Orthodox churches were permitted there and any person seeking to remain in the city had to convert to the Latin faith. Within its wall, churches and monasteries abounded. However, the aristocrats who governed the city saw to it that the church's role was kept subordinate to political interests. To ensure this, they enacted legislation which specified that no native citizen might become archbishop lest he become ambitious and busy himself with municipal affairs.