By Maung Aung Myoe
Ever seeing that Myanmar regained her independence in January 1948, the Tatmadaw (Myanmar military) has been the most important in restoring and preserving legislations and order. it really is probably the most very important associations in Myanmar politics. a variety of points of the Tatmadaw were studied. the main extraordinary zone of research has been the political function of the army. This examine seems on the organizational improvement of the Myanmar militia. It analyses 4 diversified features of the Tatmadaw: army doctrine and procedure, association and strength constitution, armament and strength modernization, and armed forces education and officer schooling. It units out safeguard perceptions and guidelines, charting advancements in every one section opposed to the placement on the time, and likewise notes the contributions of the best actors within the strategy. for the reason that early Nineties, the Tatmadaw has carried out a strength modernization programme. This paintings stories rationales and technique in the back of the strength modernization programme and examines the army functions of the Tatmadaw. Drawing broadly from archival assets and present literature, this empirically grounded study argues that, whereas the inner armed safeguard hazard to the nation keeps to play a big position, it's the exterior safety hazard that offers extra weight to the growth and modernization of the Tatmadaw due to the fact 1988. It additionally argues that, regardless of its imperfections, the Tatmadaw has remodeled from a strength primarily for counter-insurgency operations right into a strength in a position to battling in restricted traditional war.
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Extra resources for Building the Tatmadaw: Myanmar Armed Forces Since 1948
However, the Tatmadaw leadership never lost sight of the need to prepare for war against foreign invasion. In 1985, the then Vice-Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Saw Maung, reminded his commanders at the Command and General Staff College that: You know very well about the concept of people’s war. In Myanmar, out of nearly 35 million [people], the armed forces (army, navy and air force) have about two hundred thousand [personnel]. 01 per cent. It is impossible to defend our country with only this handful of troops … Therefore, what we have to do in the case of foreign invasion is to mobilise people in accordance with the people’s war doctrine.
19 The report recommended: In suppressing insurgencies, the Tatmadaw should be trained to conduct long-range penetration with a tactic of continuous search and destroy. Scouting, ambush and night-time warfare are important parts of antiguerrilla warfare. It is also important to win the people’s support in fighting. indd 21 12/29/08 8:49:18 AM 22 Building the Tatmadaw For countering an enemy with equal strength, the Tatmadaw should fight a conventional warfare under total war, without giving up an inch of its territory to the enemy.
A relatively well trained and equipped regular professional force will be able to conduct conventional warfighting, based on the joint services and combined arms warfare. The essence of modern condition is to change the military posture from passive defence to active defence. Here, active defence means that instead of luring enemy forces deep into a hardcore area for annihilation in an earlier stage, as denoted in the strategic defensive strategy, the Tatmadaw will firmly stick to positional defence in order to weaken the invader’s offensive, and then wage (counter) offensive campaigns with concentrated and combined forces; therefore, it is important to build up firepower for positional defence at the border.