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The rain forests of West Africa were distinct as one of many world's hotspots of biodiversity. They expand from Ghana to Senegal and are often called the higher Guinean forests. due to their remoted place, they harbor numerous infrequent and endemic animal and plant species.
This e-book specializes in the biodiversity and ecology of those forests. It analyzes the standards that provide upward push to biodiversity and constitution tropical plant groups. additionally it is an atlas with ecological profiles of infrequent plant species and massive bushes species.
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Salvage logging—removing timber from a forested quarter within the wake of a catastrophic occasion similar to a wildfire or hurricane—is hugely arguable. Policymakers and people with an fiscal curiosity in harvesting bushes normally argue that broken components may be logged in order to keep away from “wasting” assets, whereas many woodland ecologists contend that elimination timber following a disturbance is damaging to quite a few wooded area species and will intervene with the common strategy of environment recovery.
Salvage Logging and Its Ecological results brings jointly 3 best specialists on wooded area ecology to discover quite a lot of concerns surrounding the perform of salvage logging. They assemble and synthesize the newest learn and data approximately its fiscal and ecological expenditures and merits, and view the affects of salvage going online environment techniques and biodiversity. The publication examines
• what salvage logging is and why it really is controversial• common and human disturbance regimes in forested ecosystems• modifications among salvage harvesting and conventional trees harvesting• scientifically documented ecological affects of salvage operations• the significance of land administration pursuits in deciding upon acceptable post-disturbance interventions Brief case reports from around the globe spotlight a number of initiatives, together with operations that experience wildfires, storms, volcanic eruptions, and bug infestations. within the ultimate bankruptcy, the authors talk about coverage administration implications and provide prescriptions for mitigating the affects of destiny salvage harvesting efforts.
Salvage Logging and Its Ecological effects is a “must-read” quantity for policymakers, scholars, lecturers, practitioners, and pros all in favour of all facets of woodland administration, typical source making plans, and wooded area conservation.
It is a booklet approximately bubble costs, and their results, within the trees of the Pacific Northwest from 1979-1984. Bubble prices--unusual and fast rises (and eventual drops) within the costs of a commodity--have been of theoretical curiosity to economists for a few years. This examine examines the weird routine within the cost of federal bushes and the next recession within the Northwest while bushes dealers behind schedule harvests as a way to delay the belief in their losses at the contracts.
This e-book will draw consciousness to the residuals in pan-boreal woodland fires and synthesize the nation of knowledge. it is going to achieve this by: (a) interpreting the concept that of fireplace residuals from assorted perspectives, (b) Reviewing the growing to be physique of medical literature at the topic, (c) Conceptualizing the method of residual formation relating to scale of fireplace disturbance, (d) Discussing the jobs of fireplace residuals in ecological methods, (e) Describing methods and strategies of learning hearth residuals, (f) Compiling and summarizing what's recognized approximately fireplace residual crops with admire to their volume, spatial styles, and temporal changes, (g) Discussing how the information of fireplace residuals is utilized in woodland administration, together with social viewpoint, and (h) Synthesizing the kingdom of information, picking out its uncertainties and gaps, and featuring learn hypotheses.
This booklet investigates the commercial, strategic, and political significance of forests in early smooth and smooth Europe and indicates how struggles over this important normal source either formed and mirrored the ideologies and results of France's lengthy progressive interval. until eventually the mid-nineteenth century, wooden was once the significant gas for cooking and heating and the first fabric for production around the world and comprised each possible section of commercial, household, army, and maritime job.
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Extra resources for Biodiversity of West African Forests: An Ecological Atlas of Woody Plant Species
The primary factors separating vegetation types are probably effective soil depth, soil texture and water supply (Markham & Babbedge 1979). g. termite species) and by cultivation and settlements (Fairhead & Leach 1996, 1998). Fire Fire is a key element in understanding the distribution and dynamics of savannas and the transition zone with forests. Although natural fires occur through ignition of the herbaceous layer of savannas via lightning, sparks from falling rocks and fermentation (Phillips 1974), almost all savanna fires are currently anthropogenic of origin.
These vegetation types share a dense herbaceous layer made mainly of hemicryptophytic gramineous plant species, but whose tree cover may vary widely, ranging from almost pure grasslands, through savannas, to woodlands. 1 An example of a forest-savanna mosaic: Reserve de Lamto, south of the V-Baoulé, central Côte d’Ivoire. 1). Their structure and floristic composition is very similar to those of the adjacent drier types of the lowland rainforest. In this chapter we describe the forest-savanna boundary at different spatial scales, and how its location has shifted in the past.
In west-central Ghana, the limit between continuous forest and forest savanna mosaic is congruent with substrate: savanna dominates on Voltaian rocks and the forest dominates on the Birrimian basement complex, on which soils are richer in clay and nutrients (Swaine et al. 1976, Swaine 1992). A similar situation is found in Côte d’Ivoire, at the eastern side of the V-Baoulé where the boundary between continuous rainforest and forestsavanna mosaic corresponds to the boundary between schistous and granitic substrates, the former giving rise to soils being also richer in clay and having thus a better water-holding capacity (Spichiger 1975).