By A.Holly Shissler
World-shaking revolutions in Russia in 1905 and 1917, in Ottoman Turkey in 1908, global struggle I, the defeat of the principal Powers and triumph of the Entente, the Turkish warfare of Independence and the institution of the recent Turkish state country below Atatürk, and the institution of Azerbaijan: those occasions shape the backdrop to Ahmet Agaoglu’s lifestyles, which spanned the momentous interval from 1869-1939. This highbrow biography of this significant participant is a amazing access element wherein those turbulent occasions are introduced sharply into reduction.
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Extra resources for Between Two Empires: Ahmet Agaoglu and the New Turkey
The family environment and early education of Ağaoğlu fit this pattern well. His father’s family came from the Kurteli, a tribe which, Akçura speculates, emigrated to Karabagh from the Erzurum region in the eighteenth century. His mother, Taze Hanım, was of the seminomadic Sarıcı Ali tribe. Both families were powerful, educated families, respected in ua. On the paternal side, his grandfather Mirza Ibrahim had been a locally known poet and âlim, or doctor of Islamic knowledge. The head of the family was the father’s older brother Hajji Mirza Mehmet.
According to his account, a condition of primitive tribalism is overcome through a universalizing ethic (religion), which is then in turn overcome by a challenge to authority, which is also a challenge to the universal. In Europe, this means that humanists and monarchs challenge the authority of the papacy, one intellectually, the other politically. From this process emerge national vernaculars, centralizing 34 BETWEEN TWO EMPIRES monarchies and national consciousness, followed in due course by the Enlightenment, individualism, constitutionalism/national sovereignty and industrialization.
He was extremely zealous in his religion and regularly, virtually on a daily basis in fact, entertained the local ulema – mullahs, ahunds, etc. 5 Ağaoğlu tells us that he sat in on these discussions, which were conducted in a Turkish so erudite and obscure he could not understand a word (though he longed to master it and to become like the religious scholars he observed there). That he should acquire such knowledge was also the desire of his uncle Hajji Mirza Mehmet in whose hands the boy’s education had been left.