By Margareta Nordin, Victor Frankel
Now in its Fourth version, Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System uses a right away and complete method of current scholars with a operating wisdom of biomechanical rules of use within the assessment and therapy of musculoskeletal disorder. The textual content opens with a bankruptcy that introduces the fundamental terminology and ideas of biomechanics; the rest of the e-book then specializes in the biomechanics of tissues and constructions, the biomechanics of joints, and utilized biomechanics.
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Extra info for Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System
These studies also show that total collagen content is strongly related to failure energy and fracture toughness of bone tissue, suggesting that type I collagen is a primary arrestor of cracks. Type I collagen is a vital element relating to the energy required for matrix failure, independent of size or geometry. It is thus the main determinant of bone toughness, which is deﬁned by the area under the stress-strain curve, known as the modulus of toughness (Fig. 2-8). Whole Bone B FIG. 2-4 A. Reﬂected-light photomicrograph of cortical bone from a human tibia (×40).
Scanning electron photomicrograph of cancellous bone from a human tibia (x30). C. (1977). Compact bone fatigue damage. A microscopic examination. Clin Orthop 127, 265. Biomechanical Properties of Bone Biomechanically, bone tissue may be regarded as a twophase (biphasic) composite material, with the mineral as one phase and the collagen and ground substance as the other. indd d 28 28 A hypothetical load-deformation curve for a somewhat pliable ﬁbrous structure, such as a long bone, is shown in Figure 2-9.
This means it exhibits Ductile fracture Brittle fracture FIG. 2-13 Fracture surfaces of samples of a ductile and a brittle material. The broken lines on the ductile material indicate the original length of the sample, before it deformed. The brittle material deformed very little before fracture. indd 33 33 FIG. 2-14 Reﬂected-light photomicrograph of a human cortical bone specimen tested in tension (×30). Arrowss indicate debonding at the cement lines and pulling out of the osteons. Courtesy of Dennis R.