By Grigoris Balakian, Peter Balakian
By no means ahead of in English, Armenian Golgotha is the main dramatic and entire eyewitness account of the 1st sleek genocide.
On April 24, 1915, the priest Grigoris Balakian used to be arrested in addition to a few 250 different intellectuals and leaders of Constantinople’s Armenian group. It used to be the start of the Ottoman Turkish government’s systematic try and cast off the Armenian humans from Turkey; it was once a crusade that persisted via international conflict I and the autumn of the Ottoman Empire, wherein time greater than 1000000 Armenians were annihilated and expunged from their old fatherland. For Grigoris Balakian, himself condemned, it used to be additionally the start of a four-year ordeal within which he may endure witness to a doubtless unending caravan of blood.
Balakian sees his countrymen despatched in carts, on donkeys, or taking walks to stand sure demise within the desolate tract of northern Syria. Many wouldn't even continue to exist the adventure, affliction hunger, disorder, mutilation, and rape, between different tortures, ahead of being slaughtered en path. In those pages, he brings to lifestyles the phrases and deeds of survivors, overseas witnesses, and Turkish officers interested in the bloodbath technique, and likewise of these few courageous, righteous Turks, who, with a few of their German allies operating for the Baghdad Railway, resisted orders calling for the demise of the Armenians. Miraculously, Balakian manages to flee, and his flight—through woodland and over mountain, in conceal as a railroad employee after which as a German soldier—is a suspenseful, harrowing odyssey that makes attainable his singular testimony.
Full of clever insights into the political, ancient, and cultural context of the Armenian genocide—the template for the following mass killings that experience solid a shadow around the 20th century and beyond—this memoir is destined to develop into a vintage of survivor literature. Armenian Golgotha is bound to deepen our knowing of a catastrophic crime that the Turkish executive, the Ottomans’ successor, denies to at the present time.
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Additional resources for Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1918
The Armenian literary style of the period, which lent itself to long, multiclause sentences, was sometimes so involuted it required trimming. At times when Balakian's emotions overwhelmed him, he repeated himself or drew the same conclusion in different terms; in reliving his anguish through writing, he could be redundant, for example, employing excessive modifiers (merciless, wretched, bloody, horrific). Some editorializing and sermonizing passages were deleted—moments of patriotic sentiment, clerical blessings of the dead, rage at Turkey, and the like—because, while they revealed the intensity of Balakian's emotions, they digressed from and interfered with the organic flow of the narrative.
1922 SEPTEMBER 14 Kemalists drive the Greek army out of Turkey. In the process, they burn Smyrna and massacre the Greeks and Armenians there. 1923 JULYA 24 At Kemal's insistence, the European powers sign the Treaty of Lausanne, annulling the Treaty of Sèvres. The new treaty recognizes the Republic of Turkey as successor to the Ottoman state and establishes new borders for Turkey. The award to Armenia is scrapped; the word Armenia does not appear in the Lausanne treaty. OCTOBER 29 The Kemalists proclaim the modern Turkish Republic.
Html). Elie Wiesel has called Turkish denial a “double killing” that strives to kill the memory of the event. Deborah Lipstadt has written: “Denial of genocide whether that of the Turks against the Armenians or the Nazis against the Jews is not an act of historical reinterpretation…. The deniers aim at convincing innocent third parties that there is another side of the story … when there is no ‘their side’ of a legitimate debate…. ” *3 See Appendix. *4 The birthdate is disputed; accounts range from 1873 to 1879.