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By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Youth, and Families Board on Children, Joah G. Iannotta, Elena O. Nightingale, Baruch Fischhoff

Adolescents evidently don't constantly act in ways in which serve their very own top pursuits, at the same time outlined via them. occasionally their conception in their personal hazards, even of survival to maturity, is bigger than the truth; in different situations, they underestimate the dangers of specific activities or behaviors. it's attainable, certainly most probably, that a few children interact in dicy behaviors as a result of a conception of invulnerability-the present traditional knowledge of adults' perspectives of adolescent habit. Others, even if, take hazards simply because they consider susceptible to some extent drawing close hopelessness. In both case, those perceptions can steered kids to make terrible judgements which may positioned them in danger and go away them at risk of actual or mental damage which may have a damaging impression on their long term healthiness and viability.

A small making plans crew was once shaped to improve a workshop on reconceptualizing adolescent possibility and vulnerability. With investment from Carnegie company of latest York, the Workshop on Adolescent hazard and Vulnerability: surroundings Priorities came about on March thirteen, 2001, in Washington, DC. The workshop's target was once to place into viewpoint the whole burden of vulnerability that young people face, profiting from the starting to be societal situation for teenagers, the necessity to set priorities for assembly youngsters' wishes, and the chance to use decision-making views to this severe region. This document summarizes the workshop.

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1988) and appear to have misperceptions about adolescents’ level of knowledge about specific topics such as AIDS (Manning and Balson, 1989). Adults also fail to recognize some of the specific health concerns of adolescents. An example occurs in regard to dental and oral health. , 1988; Sternlieb and Munan, 1972). Yet this topic rarely receives attention in discussions of adolescent health. , 1988). To summarize, existing data indicate that adolescents do express concerns about negative effects that can result from volitional behaviors as well as from environmental hazards such as natural disasters, technological risks, and violence.

MILLSTEIN AND BONNIE L. , 1999; Inhelder and Piaget, 1958; Shaklee and Goldston, 1989), and tend to think in fewer dimensions than older adolescents (Piaget, 1971). Additionally, although younger adolescents are able to use theories about causal relationships, they generally are not equipped to reflect on those theories. , 1988). This would suggest that younger adolescents would be more likely than older adolescents or adults to believe what they have been taught about causal relationships between risky behaviors and negative outcomes— namely, that engaging in these behaviors entails significant risk.

These are questions to be explored in further research. CONCLUSIONS AND NEXT STEPS Ultimately, we are interested in understanding why adolescents make the decisions they do and their competence in making these decisions. Why do adolescents engage in potentially threatening behaviors? Are they able to make informed decisions about undergoing or foregoing potentially dangerous medical treatments? Should we be granting them more legal rights or should they be more restricted? In considering adolescents’ perceptions of risk and vulnerability, we are acknowledging the importance of these perceptions in addressing these larger questions.

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